TDS of drinking water in India

TDS of drinking water in India – Everything you need to know

In this blog, we will discuss in detail what TDS is, its impact on health, it’s optimum range and how it affects drinking water quality. You will also learn about the regulations like BIS and WHO that set parameters, check and regularise drinking water TDS in India. 

What is TDS?

We keep hearing about TDS, what does it mean and how does it effect our water? TDS stands for Total Dissolved Solids, which is the measurement of all inorganic and organic substances that are present in the water. These substances can include minerals, salts, metals, and other impurities that can dissolve in water. TDS is measured in parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per litre (mg/L). 

Why is TDS level is important in drinking water?

TDS level in drinking water is an important parameter that determines the quality of water. High TDS in water can indicate the presence of harmful contaminants such as lead, arsenic, and fluoride, which can have adverse health effects. On the other hand, low TDS levels in drinking water can indicate that the water lacks essential minerals that are important for human health. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a TDS level of less than 300 mg/L for drinking water. However, this value can vary depending on local regulations and standards. 

Effects of high TDS levels in drinking water

High TDS range in water can have several negative impacts on human health. Some of the effects of high TDS levels are: 

1. Increased risk of gastrointestinal diseases: If drinking water TDS levels is high, there is an increased risk of gastrointestinal diseases such as diarahea, nausea, and vomiting. 

2.Kidney problems: Extreme TDS levels in water can lead to the formation of kidney stones, which can cause severe pain and other complications. 

3. Cardiovascular diseases:  Your heart health might be at risk if TDS levels in your drinking water is high. There is an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. 

4. Dental problems: High level of TDS can cause dental problems such as dental caries and enamel erosion. 

Effects of low TDS levels in drinking water

Low TDS range in drinking water can also have negative impacts on human health. Some of the effects of low TDS levels are: 

Mineral deficiency: Low TDS levels in drinking water can lead to mineral deficiencies in the body. Minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium are essential for human health and are found missing in water with low TDS limit. 

Digestive problems: Low TDS in drinking water can cause digestion problems such as constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. 

Increased risk of heart disease: Limited TDS levels in drinking water have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. 

What your drinking water TDS means for your health? (H2) 

Drinking Water TDS Chart

TDS Level (mg/L)  Water Quality  Health Implications 
50-300  Excellent  Safe for drinking 
300-600  Good  Safe for drinking 
600-900  Fair  Safe for drinking 
900-1200  Poor  May cause laxative effect in some people 
1200-2000  Very Poor  Not suitable for drinking on a regular basis 
Above 2000  Unacceptable  Not suitable for drinking 


According to the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the permissible limit for TDS in drinking water is 500 mg/L. However, the World Health Organization recommends a TDS level of less than 300 mg/L for drinking water. Minimum TDS of drinking water should not go below 50 ppm. 

Find below information on the top 5 cities in India with safe water TDS levels based on available data up to 2021. It is important to note that the water quality can vary over time and may change based on various factors such as season, weather, and treatment methods. 

Here are the top 5 cities in India with safe water TDS levels in 2021: 

City  Test conducted by  TDS Range   Comments 
Chennai  Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)  less than 300 mg/L  Excellent and safe for consumption. 


Mumbai  Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB  260-320 mg/L  safe for consumption 
Bengaluru  Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)  100-600 mg/L  safe for consumption 
Hyderabad  Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB  100-700 mg/L  safe for consumption 
Delhi  Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)  150-400 mg/L  safe for consumption 

 It is important to note that these values may have changed since 2021 and may also vary within different parts of the respective cities. It is recommended to consult with the local water authorities or conduct independent water testing to ensure safe water consumption 

Note that the TDS level is just one parameter that determines the quality of water. Other factors such as pH, presence of harmful contaminants, and microbial content should also be considered while determining the quality of drinking water. 


FAQs on TDS water Limit (Schema Markup) 

What is a good TDS for water? () 

TDS levels between 50 and 150 are typically regarded as the most appropriate and acceptable range. A TDS level of roughly 1000 PPM indicates that the water is hazardous and unsuitable for human consumption. 

What is the TDS range for RO water?  

TDS is normally reduced by RO to around 25 ppm, whereas TDS is reduced by distillation to under 10 ppm, which is very less. Upon setting up your RO, TDS needs to be adjusted to 80 ppm. 

How do you measure TDS in water? 

Evaporate a water sample and weigh the residue using a precise analytical balance to accurately determine TDS. While expensive, it is the most trustworthy and precise way. 

Can I measure TDS in water at home? 

TDS can be measured at home using three methods, digital TDS meter, filter paper & scale, electrical conductivity. 

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